CWB reports very strong financial performance for the fourth quarter and fiscal 2017

Strong execution of CWB’s Balanced Growth strategy with ongoing, targeted diversification
Fourth quarter adjusted cash earnings per common share of $0.74, up 25% from 2016
Fiscal 2017 adjusted cash earnings per common share of $2.63, up 16% from 2016

EDMONTON, Alberta, Dec. 07, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — “CWB’s strategic execution and financial performance in fiscal 2017 were both very strong,” said Chris Fowler, President and CEO. “We maintained our focus on business owners while delivering growth across a broader geographic footprint with increased industry diversification. We also made significant progress toward the upcoming transformation of our capital management processes, and worked to ensure our ongoing technology investments and process improvements position us to meet the rapid pace of growth and change within our industry. Alongside this strong strategic execution, we delivered record total revenues from core operations and record core pre-tax, pre-provision income, with this latter metric exceeding $100 million in back to back quarters for the first time. We also delivered higher net interest margin in every quarter, positive operating leverage, strong credit quality, and increased our annual common share dividend for the 25th consecutive year. To cap off the year, we announced a highly strategic and accretive acquisition of equipment loans and leases, and general commercial lending assets. As we close fiscal 2017, I want to thank our people for their passion and commitment to help both our clients and CWB achieve our strategic goals. Today, we have an incredible opportunity to create exceptional client experiences for business owners across Canada. There is no doubt in my mind that CWB’s future looks more exciting than ever before. Thanks to our tremendous teams, I am very confident in our ability to achieve our full potential together.”

Fourth Quarter Fiscal 2017 Highlights(1) (compared to the same period in the prior year)

  • Very strong operating performance, with record core common shareholders’ net income of $61 million, up 27% and record core pre-tax, pre-provision income (teb) of $104 million, up 17%.
  • Diluted and adjusted cash earnings per common share of $0.68 and $0.74, up 26% and 25%, respectively.
  • The gain on sale related to the appointment of a successor trustee for Canadian Western Trust’s exempt market securities business contributed $0.06 to adjusted cash earnings per common share.
  • Record total revenue (teb) from core operations of $196 million, up 16% with strong 14% growth of net interest income (teb).
  • Net interest margin (teb) of 2.64%, up 28 basis points from last year and 4 basis points from last quarter.
  • Provision for credit losses as a percentage of average loans of 20 basis points, down from 24 basis points last year and unchanged from previous quarter.
  • Very strong Basel III regulatory capital ratios under the Standardized approach for calculating risk-weighted assets of 9.5% common equity Tier 1 (CET1), 10.8% Tier 1 and 12.5% Total capital.
  • Announced an agreement to acquire for cash, on January 31, 2018, approximately $900 million of equipment loans and leases, and general commercial lending assets.

Full-year Fiscal 2017 Highlights(1)(2)(3) (compared to the prior year)

  • Very strong operating performance with common shareholders’ net income of $214 million, up 21%, and record core pre-tax-pre-provision income (teb) of $391 million, up 10%.
  • Diluted and adjusted cash earnings per common share of $2.42 and $2.63, up 14% and 16%, respectively.
  • Record total revenue (teb) from core operations of $729 million, up 10%, including 10% growth of net interest income (teb) and 16% higher non-interest income.
  • Positive operating leverage of 0.3%.
  • Loan growth of 6%, with 11% growth outside of Alberta and 18% growth of non-Alberta general commercial loans.
  • Strong execution of CWB’s funding diversification strategy, including record issuance of senior deposit notes in capital markets, growth of securitization capabilities, and stable branch-raised deposits.
  • Net interest margin of 2.57%, up 14 basis points, with sequential increases in every quarter.
  • Provision for credit losses as a percentage of average loans of 23 basis points, down from 38 basis points.
  • Gross impaired loans represented 0.72% of total loans, up from 0.58% last year and down from 0.74% last quarter.
  • Increased CWB’s annual common share dividend for the 25th consecutive year.
  • On November 29, 2017, DBRS confirmed CWB’s investment grade issuer credit rating with a stable trend.  
 
Execution of CWB Financial Group’s Balanced Growth strategy
Balanced Growth objective  

  Strategic execution

 

Full-service client growth with a focus on business owners, including further geographic and industry diversification
  • 6% annual loan growth, including 11% growth outside of Alberta, with higher net interest margin and a normalized credit experience.
  • Increased proportion of loan portfolio outside of Western Canada to 23% from 19%, including Ontario up to 19% from 15%.
  • Increased business diversification with 12% overall growth of general commercial loans, including 18% growth outside of Alberta.
  • Further growth with increased geographic and industry diversification forthcoming through acquisition of approximately $900 million of assets concentrated outside of Western Canada, to close January 31, 2018.
Growth and diversification of funding sources
  • Maintained stable balances of relationship-based, branch-raised demand and notice deposits.
  • Continued to expand securitization capabilities with the addition of a second securitization funding partner and inaugural participation in the Canada Mortgage Bond (CMB) Program.
  • Delivered a record year for issuance of Senior Deposit Notes in capital markets, raising $950 million through three successful transactions.
Optimized capital management through transition to the Advanced Internal Ratings Based Approach (AIRB)
  • On track for transition to the AIRB approach in 2020, subject to regulatory approval.
   

Fiscal 2017 financial performance compared to medium-term (3-5 year) target ranges
     
Key Metrics Medium-term
Performance Target
Ranges
(1)
Current Context
Adjusted cash earnings per common share growth 7 – 12% Exceeded target at 16%.
Adjusted return on common shareholders’ equity 12 – 15% Delivered 11.0%, with significant improvement from 9.9% in 2016.
Operating leverage(2) Positive Met target at positive 0.3%.
Common equity Tier 1 capital ratio under the Standardized approach(1) Strong Exceeded target with a very strong ratio of 9.5%.
Common share dividend payout ratio(3) ~30% Delivered 38%, with an annual common share dividend increase for the 25th consecutive year.
 
(1) Refer to definitions following the table of Selected Financial Highlights on page 3.
(2) Operating leverage is calculated as total revenue (teb) growth over the past twelve months, less non-interest expense growth over the past twelve months, excluding the pre-tax amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets.
(3)Common share dividend payout ratio is calculated as common share dividends declared during the past twelve months divided by common shareholders’ net income earned over the same period.

 
Selected Financial Highlights
 
  For the three months ended   Change from
October 31
2016
  For the year ended Change from
October 31 
2016
 
(unaudited)   October 31
2017
    July 31
2017
    October 31
2016
        October 31
2017
    October 31
2016
   
($ thousands, except per share amounts)                          
Results from Operations                                        
Net interest income (teb) $ 170,993   $ 164,555   $ 149,704     14 % $ 644,652   $ 588,464   10 %
Less teb adjustment   499     564     579     (14)     2,262     3,240   (30)  
Net interest income per financial statements   170,494     163,991     149,125     14     642,390     585,224   10  
Non-interest income   24,628     19,852     19,127     29     84,245     72,672   16  
Total revenue (teb)   195,621     184,407     168,831     16     728,897     661,136   10  
Total revenue   195,122     183,843     168,252     16     726,635     657,896   10  
Pre-tax, pre-provision income (teb)(1)   104,401     100,924     89,497     17     390,991     353,843   10  
Common shareholders’ net income   60,833     56,308     47,834     27     214,277     177,761   21  
Earnings per common share                                        
Basic   0.69     0.64     0.54     28     2.43     2.13   14  
Diluted   0.68     0.64     0.54     26     2.42     2.13   14  
Adjusted cash(2)   0.74     0.69     0.59     25     2.63     2.26   16  
Return on common shareholders’ equity(3)   11.2 %   10.4 %   9.3 %   190 bp(9)   10.1 %   9.3 % 80 bp(9)
Adjusted return on common shareholders’                                        
equity(4)   12.0     11.3     10.1     190     11.0     9.9   110  
Return on assets(5)   0.94     0.89     0.76     18     0.85     0.73   12  
Efficiency ratio (teb)(6)   46.6     45.3     47.0     (40)     46.4     46.5   (10)  
Efficiency ratio(6)   46.8     45.4     47.2     (40)     46.5     46.7   (20)  
Net interest margin (teb)(7)   2.64     2.60     2.36     28     2.57     2.43   14  
Net interest margin(7)   2.63     2.59     2.35     28     2.56     2.41   15  
Provision for credit losses as a                                        
percentage of average loans   0.20     0.20     0.24     (4)     0.23     0.38   (15)  
Number of full-time equivalent staff   2,058     2,034     1,966     5 %   2,058     1,966   5 %
Per Common Share                                        
Cash dividends $ 0.24   $ 0.23   $ 0.23     4 % $ 0.93   $ 0.92   1 %
Book value   24.82     24.31     23.58     5     24.82     23.58   5  
Closing market value   36.34     28.00     25.45     43     36.34     25.45   43  
Common shares outstanding (thousands)   88,494     88,361     88,103         88,494     88,103    
Balance Sheet and Off-Balance Sheet                                        
Summary                                        
Assets $ 26,447,453   $ 25,344,867   $ 25,222,549     5 %                
Loans   23,229,239     22,718,871     21,961,348     6                  
Deposits   21,902,982     20,880,279     21,194,553     3                  
Debt   1,476,336     1,325,270     1,268,198     16                  
Shareholders’ equity   2,461,045     2,412,767     2,342,040     5                  
Assets under administration   10,408,012     11,441,989     10,689,398     (3)                  
Assets under management   2,114,861     1,974,733     1,924,181     10                  
Capital Adequacy(8)                                        
Common equity Tier 1 ratio   9.5 %   9.6 %   9.2 %   30 bp(9)                
Tier 1 ratio   10.8     10.9     11.0     (20)                  
Total ratio   12.5     12.7     13.1     (60)                  
 
(1) Pre-tax, pre-provision income is calculated as total revenue (teb) less non-interest expenses, excluding the pre-tax amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets.
(2) Adjusted cash EPS is calculated as diluted earnings per common share excluding the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets and contingent consideration fair value changes, net of tax. Excluded items are not considered to be indicative of ongoing business performance.
(3) Return on common shareholders’ equity is calculated as common shareholders’ net income divided by average common shareholders’ equity.
(4) Adjusted return on common shareholders’ equity is calculated as common shareholders’ net income excluding the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets and contingent consideration fair value changes, net of tax, divided by average common shareholders’ equity.
(5) Return on assets is calculated as common shareholders’ net income divided by average total assets.
(6) Efficiency ratio is calculated as non-interest expenses, excluding the pre-tax amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets, divided by total revenues.
(7) Net interest margin is calculated as net interest income divided by average total assets.
(8) Capital adequacy is calculated in accordance with Basel III guidelines issued by the Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions Canada (OSFI).
(9) bp – basis point change.
 

Taxable Equivalent Basis (teb)
Most banks analyze revenue on a taxable equivalent basis to permit uniform measurement and comparison of net interest income. Net interest income (as presented in the Consolidated Statement of Income) includes tax-exempt income on certain securities. Since this income is not taxable, the rate of interest or dividends received is significantly lower than would apply to a loan or security of the same amount. The adjustment to taxable equivalent basis increases interest income and the provision for income taxes to what they would have been had the tax-exempt securities been taxed at the statutory rate. The taxable equivalent basis does not have a standardized meaning prescribed by International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and, therefore, may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other financial institutions. Total revenues, net interest income and income taxes are discussed on a taxable equivalent basis throughout this quarterly report to shareholders.

Non-IFRS Measures
CWB uses a number of financial measures to assess its performance.  These measures provide readers with an enhanced understanding of how management views the results.  Non-IFRS measures may also provide readers the ability to analyze trends and provide comparisons with our competitors. Taxable equivalent basis, adjusted cash earnings per common share, adjusted return on common shareholders’ equity, return on assets, efficiency ratio, net interest margin, common equity Tier 1, Tier 1 and total capital adequacy ratios, and average balances do not have standardized meanings prescribed by IFRS and therefore may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other financial institutions.
References to core common shareholders’ net income, core pre-tax-pre-provision income (teb), and total revenues (teb) from core operations exclude divestiture gains recorded in the third quarter of fiscal 2015.

Forward-looking Statements

From time to time, CWB makes written and verbal forward-looking statements. Statements of this type are included in the Annual Report and reports to shareholders and may be included in filings with Canadian securities regulators or in other communications such as press releases and corporate presentations. Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements about CWB’s objectives and strategies, targeted and expected financial results and the outlook for CWB’s businesses or for the Canadian economy. Forward-looking statements are typically identified by the words “believe”, “expect”, “anticipate”, “intend”, “estimate”, “may increase”, “may impact”, “goal”, “focus”, “potential”, “proposed” and other similar expressions, or future or conditional verbs such as “will”, “should”, “would” and “could”.

By their very nature, forward-looking statements involve numerous assumptions and are subject to inherent risks and uncertainties, which give rise to the possibility that management’s predictions, forecasts, projections, expectations and conclusions will not prove to be accurate, that its assumptions may not be correct and that its strategic goals will not be achieved.

A variety of factors, many of which are beyond CWB’s control, may cause actual results to differ materially from the expectations expressed in the forward-looking statements. These factors include, but are not limited to, general business and economic conditions in Canada, including the volatility and level of liquidity in financial markets, fluctuations in interest rates and currency values, the volatility and level of various commodity prices, changes in monetary policy, changes in economic and political conditions, legislative and regulatory developments, legal developments, the level of competition, the occurrence of natural catastrophes, changes in accounting standards and policies, the accuracy and completeness of information CWB receives about customers and counterparties, the ability to attract and retain key personnel, the ability to complete and integrate acquisitions, reliance on third parties to provide components of business infrastructure, changes in tax laws, technological developments, unexpected changes in consumer spending and saving habits, timely development and introduction of new products, and management’s ability to anticipate and manage the risks associated with these factors. It is important to note that the preceding list is not exhaustive of possible factors.

Additional information about these factors can be found in the Risk Management section of CWB’s annual Management’s Discussion and Analysis (MD&A). These and other factors should be considered carefully, and readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements as a number of important factors could cause CWB’s actual results to differ materially from the expectations expressed in such forward-looking statements. Unless required by securities law, CWB does not undertake to update any forward-looking statement, whether written or verbal, that may be made from time to time by it or on its behalf.

Assumptions about the performance of the Canadian economy over the forecast horizon and how it will affect CWB’s businesses are material factors considered when setting organizational objectives and targets. In determining expectations for economic growth, CWB primarily considers economic data and forecasts provided by the Canadian government and its agencies, as well as an average of certain private sector forecasts. These forecasts are subject to inherent risks and uncertainties that may be general or specific. Where relevant, material economic assumptions underlying forward looking statements are disclosed within the Outlook sections of CWB’s annual MD&A.  

Financial Summary

This financial summary, dated December 6, 2017, should be read in conjunction with Canadian Western Bank’s (CWB) unaudited interim consolidated financial statements for the period ended October 31, 2017 and the audited consolidated financial statements and Management’s Discussion and Analysis (MD&A) for the year ended October 31, 2016, available on SEDAR at www.sedar.com and the Bank’s website at www.cwb.com. The 2017 Annual Report, including MD&A and audited consolidated financial statements, for the year ended October 31, 2017 is expected to be available on both SEDAR and CWB’s website on December 7, 2017. The 2017 Annual Report will be distributed to shareholders in February 2018.

Strategic Transactions

On October 30, 2017, CWB entered into a definitive asset purchase agreement to acquire for cash approximately $900 million of equipment loans and leases, and general commercial lending assets. The loans and leases to be acquired are fully aligned with CWB’s balanced growth strategy, including strategic objectives for industry and geographic diversification. The portfolio is primarily comprised of assets concentrated within the transportation, construction and healthcare industries, with approximately three quarters of the exposures distributed outside of Western Canada. The transaction is expected to close on January 31, 2018. CWB expects the transaction to be immediately accretive to earnings per common share and return on common shareholders’ equity, with positive contributions in fiscal 2018 to net interest margin and operating leverage. Management expects the acquired portfolio to contribute at least $0.10 of adjusted cash earnings per common share in both fiscal 2018 and 2019, while contributing to a slight increase in the provision for credit losses as a percentage of average loans. CWB’s common equity Tier 1 capital (CET1) ratio will remain in a very strong position upon closing, with approximately 30 basis points of existing CET1 capital to be deployed as part of the purchase. Management expects to fund the portfolio primarily through its securitization facilities.

On August 16, 2017, CWB announced that Canadian Western Trust (CWT) will focus its activities within business lines that are most aligned with the strategic objectives of CWB Financial Group, and will no longer offer self-directed account services to holders of exempt market securities. CWT appointed a successor trustee  effective September 28, 2017. As a result of the agreement, CWB realized a pre-tax gain on sale of approximately $6 million this quarter and annual revenues from trust services are expected to be approximately $4 million lower next year. Approximately $71 million of deposits and $1.3 billion of assets under administration transferred to the successor trustee on the closing date.

On July 1, 2016, CWB acquired the portfolio now referred to as CWB Franchise Finance, along with key employees to support business growth. The business provides financing across Canada to a diverse group of established companies in the franchised hospitality and restaurant industries.

On March 1, 2016, CWB acquired the non-securitized lending assets and other net business assets, including key employees, of CWB Maxium Financial (CWB Maxium). Under the terms of the purchase agreement, contingent payment installments will be made annually with determination of the total amount payable based on CWB Maxium’s cumulative business performance over a 36-month period. CWB paid the first contingent consideration instalment in cash in the first quarter of fiscal 2017. Both CWB Maxium and CWB Franchise Finance acquisitions have delivered strong performance since closing, consistent with expectations.

Overview of Financial Performance

Q4 2017 vs. Q4 2016

Common shareholders’ net income of $61 million and pre-tax, pre-provision income (teb) of $104 million were up 27% and 17%, respectively. Very strong earnings growth was primarily driven by record quarterly revenues (teb) from core operations of $196 million, up 16% from the same period last year. Net interest income (teb) of $171 million was up 14%, reflecting the combined positive impact of the 28 basis point increase in net interest margin (teb) to 2.64% and 6% loan growth. Non-interest income of $25 million increased 29%, primarily driven by the gain on the sale related to the appointment of a successor trustee for CWT’s exempt market securities business. The provision for credit losses as a percentage of average loans of 20 basis points was down from 24 basis points. These factors were partially offset by 15% higher non-interest expenses to support business growth and increased acquisition-related fair value changes. Diluted earnings per common share of $0.68 and adjusted cash earnings per common share of $0.74 increased 26% and 25%, respectively, reflecting the factors noted above. The CWT-related gain on sale contributed $0.06 to adjusted cash earnings per common share.

Q4 2017 vs. Q3 2017

Sequential growth of common shareholders’ net income and pre-tax, pre-provision income was very strong, at 8% and 3%, respectively. Total revenue (teb) growth of 6% was significant, reflecting 4% higher net interest income (teb) and a 24% increase in non-interest income. Higher net interest income reflects the combined positive impact of 2% loan growth and a four basis point increase in net interest margin (teb). The increase in non-interest income was primarily due to the CWT-related gain on the sale within ‘other’ non-interest income. The provision for credit losses was unchanged at 20 basis points of average loans. Partially offsetting these factors were 9% higher non-interest expenses to support business growth and a slight increase in acquisition-related fair value changes. Diluted earnings per common share and adjusted cash earnings per common share were up 6% and 7%, respectively.

2017 vs. 2016

Common shareholders’ net income of $214 million and record core pre-tax, pre-provision income (teb) of $391 million increased 21% and 10%, respectively. Very strong earnings growth resulted mainly from a 10% increase in total revenue (teb) and a normalized provision for credit losses. Net interest income (teb) of $645 million was up 10% from 2016, reflecting the combined positive impact of 6% loan growth and a 14 basis point increase in net interest margin (teb) to 2.57%. Non-interest income of $84 million increased 16%, primarily due to higher credit related fees, the CWT-related gain on sale, and higher wealth management fees. The provision for credit losses normalized to 23 basis points of average loans, compared to 38 basis points in the prior year. These factors were partially offset by 10% growth of non-interest expenses, higher acquisition-related fair value changes, and increased preferred share dividends. Diluted earnings per common share of $2.42 and adjusted cash earnings per common share of $2.63 were up 14% and 16%, respectively.

Higher Adjusted ROE and ROA

Fourth quarter adjusted return on common shareholders’ equity (ROE) of 12.0% was up 190 basis points from the same period last year. This was primarily driven by very strong growth in common shareholders’ net income, reflecting effective execution of CWB’s Balanced Growth strategy and strong performance across CWB Financial Group, as well as the impact of the CWT-related gain on sale.

Adjusted ROE was up 70 basis points compared to the prior quarter, reflecting the same factors.

Full-year adjusted ROE of 11.0% increased 110 basis points reflecting strong financial performance in 2017 and the impact of energy-related provisions for credit losses last year. These factors were partially offset by the impact of common shares issued in the third quarter of 2016.

Return on assets (ROA) was 0.94% in the fourth quarter, compared to 0.76% in the same period last year and 0.89% last quarter. ROA for the year was 0.85%, up 12 basis points from 2016.

Higher Net Interest Margin

Fourth quarter net interest margin (teb) of 2.64% was up 28 basis points from the same period last year. This reflected a number of factors, including:

  • increased asset yields due to the higher interest rate environment, steepening of the yield curve, and  the positive impact of pricing discipline across the portfolio;
  • favourable changes in asset mix with increased contributions from the relatively higher-yielding CWB Maxium and CWB Franchise Finance portfolios, and lower average balances of cash and securities; and,
  • favourable changes in funding mix through a combination of branch-raised deposit growth, stable utilization of deposits sourced through the broker market, and redemption of higher-cost capital markets funding instruments.

Net interest margin (teb) increased four basis points from the prior quarter. Incorporating the impact on both asset yields and deposit costs, Bank of Canada rate increases in July and September contributed six basis points to net interest margin, partially offset by higher average balances of cash and securities. 

Full-year net interest margin (teb) of 2.57% increased 14 basis points, with sequential increases in every quarter. Significant improvement in this key metric resulted from a number of factors including higher asset yields, favourable changes in funding mix, and favourable changes in asset mix, partially offset by incrementally higher funding costs. Incorporating the impact on both asset yields and deposit costs, the Bank of Canada rate increases contributed approximately two basis points to net interest margin on a full-year basis.

Efficient Operations and Positive Operating Leverage

The fourth quarter efficiency ratio (teb) of 46.6%, which measures non-interest expenses, excluding the pre-tax amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets, divided by total revenues (teb), improved from 47.0% in the same period last year and increased from 45.3% in the previous quarter.

Year-over-year improvement reflects the combined positive impact of higher revenues from consistent sequential increases in net interest margin (teb) and ongoing loan growth, as well as effective management of discretionary expense growth. The increase in CWB’s efficiency ratio from the prior quarter primarily reflects the customary seasonal increase of non-interest expenses across all categories in the final quarter of the fiscal year. The full-year efficiency ratio (teb) of 46.4% was relatively unchanged from 46.5% in 2016, reflecting the same factors noted in the comparison of fourth quarter 2017 results with the fourth quarter last year.

Operating leverage, which is calculated as the growth rate of total revenue (teb) less the growth rate of non-interest expenses, excluding the pre-tax amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets, over the past 12 months, was positive 0.3% compared to 0.8% last year.

Profitable Loan Growth

Total loans, excluding the allowance for credit losses, of $23,346 million increased 6% ($1,281 million) from last year and 2% ($504 million) from the prior quarter. Excluding CWB’s Alberta portfolio, where growth has been constrained by the lagging impact of the 2015 – 2016 regional recession, overall loan growth was 11% from last year and 4% from the prior quarter.

(unaudited)
($ millions)
  October 31
2017
  % of total
as at
October 31
2017
    July 31
2017
    October 31
2016
  % change
from
October 31
2016
 
                           
General commercial loans $   6,307   27 % $ 5,903   $ 5,644   12 %
Personal loans and mortgages     4,726   20     4,606     4,064   16  
Commercial mortgages     4,267   18     4,163     4,189   2  
Real estate project loans     4,030   17     4,207     4,236   (5)  
Equipment financing and leasing     3,892   17     3,832     3,711   5  
Oil and gas production loans   124   1     131     221   (44)  
Total loans excluding the allowance for credit losses $ 23,346   100 % $ 22,842   $ 22,065   6 %

Year-over-year growth by lending sector was consistent with CWB’s Balanced Growth strategy. In dollar terms, growth was led by general commercial loans ($663 million), which includes the contributions of CWB Maxium and CWB Franchise Finance, followed closely by personal loans and mortgages ($662 million), including sustained strong performance within CWB Optimum Mortgage ($463 million). Mortgage application volumes within CWB Optimum were elevated in the late spring and early summer due to challenges faced by its largest direct competitor and growth accelerated moderately early in the third quarter. However, management tightened lending criteria and origination volumes were maintained at levels consistent with CWB’s strategic growth objectives and established risk appetite. Application volumes returned to more normal levels through the latter part of the fiscal year.

Management’s response to these events was supported by continuous review of CWB’s three lines of defence framework and risk appetite parameters. This ongoing work is undertaken to ensure vigilant risk management and strong underwriting. During fiscal 2017, related efforts in respect to residential mortgages were focused to ensure fulsome oversight of all controls, including those that detect fraud, as well as compliance with the changes to OSFI’s Guideline B-20, Residential Mortgage Underwriting Practices and Procedures.  

In percentage terms, annual growth within the strategically targeted general commercial category was 12% overall, and 18% outside of Alberta. Equipment financing and leasing, and commercial mortgages increased $181 million and $78 million, respectively. Real estate project loans contracted $206 million, consistent with guidance provided last year, reflecting the successful completion of development projects along with reduced new activity within Alberta. CWB maintained a proactive approach in managing its small portfolio of oil and gas production loans over the past year, reducing outstanding balances by $97 million.

On a sequential basis, loan growth exceeded $500 million for the second consecutive quarter. Performance within general commercial loans was very strong with a $404 million increase, partly reflecting strong growth within CWB Maxium. Sequential loan growth within this category was 7% overall, and 12% excluding Alberta, reflecting strong contributions from both CWB Maxium and CWB Franchise Finance. Personal loans and mortgages were up $120 million in the fourth quarter, commercial mortgages increased $104 million, and equipment finance and leasing was up $60 million. Real estate project loans contracted $177 million, and oil and gas production loans were down $7 million.

(unaudited)
($ millions)
  October 31
2017
  % of total
as at
October 31
2017
    July 31
2017
    October 31
2016
  % change
from
October 31
2016
 
                           
British Columbia $ 8,145   35 % $ 7,991   $ 7,808   4 %
Alberta   7,728   33     7,824     7,999   (3)  
Ontario   4,397   19     3,965     3,347   31  
Saskatchewan   1,343   6     1,331     1,355   (1)  
Manitoba   737   3     727     704   5  
Other   996   4     1,004     852   17  
Total loans excluding the allowance for credit losses $ 23,346   100 % $ 22,842   $ 22,065   6 %

Ontario continued to lead year-over-year loan growth by province in dollar terms with a significant increase of approximately $1.1 billion. Growth in British Columbia was also strong at $337 million. Quebec and the Atlantic provinces contributed growth of $144 million, and Manitoba was up $33 million. Strong growth in Ontario and the other provinces outside of Western Canada reflects the geographic diversification objectives embedded within CWB’s Balanced Growth strategy, underpinned by strong performance from CWB’s businesses that have a national footprint, including CWB Maxium, CWB Optimum Mortgage, National Leasing, and CWB Franchise Finance. Outstanding loans within Alberta and Saskatchewan were down 3% and 1%, respectively, primarily reflecting the lagging impact of the 2015 – 2016 regional recession on new lending opportunities. CWB remains very active in supporting business owners in these provinces and pursuing new business as the economic recovery takes hold. New and additional lending on a combined basis in Alberta and Saskatchewan exceeded $1 billion in every quarter this year, offset by paydowns and payouts.

Compared to the prior quarter, the strongest growth was apparent in Ontario and British Columbia, while Alberta was down 1%.

Strong Credit Quality

Overall credit quality is consistent with expectations and continues to reflect CWB’s secured lending business model, disciplined underwriting practices and proactive loan management.

  For the three months ended Change from
 October 31
 2016
 
(unaudited)   October 31
2017
    July 31
2017
    October 31
2016
 
($ thousands)
                       
Gross impaired loans, beginning of period $ 168,684   $ 137,834   $ 106,711   58 %
New formations   54,214     56,765     50,298   8  
Reductions, impaired accounts paid down or returned to performing status   (37,132)     (17,803)     (10,355)   259  
Write-offs   (17,505)     (8,112)     (19,442)   (10)  
Total(1) $ 168,261   $ 168,684   $ 127,212   32 %
                       
Balance of the ten largest impaired accounts $ 70,935   $ 83,714   $ 61,397   16 %
Total number of accounts classified as impaired(3)   237     227     232   2  
Gross impaired loans as a percentage of total loans   0.72 %   0.74 %   0.58 % 14 bp(2)
 
(1) Gross impaired loans include foreclosed assets held for sale with a carrying value of $1,983 (July 31, 2017 – $2,275 and October 31, 2016 – $3,876).
(2) bp – basis point change.
(3) Total number of accounts excludes National Leasing.

The dollar level of gross impaired loans at October 31, 2017 totaled $168 million, up from $127 million last year and relatively unchanged from the prior quarter. The dollar level of gross impaired loans represented 0.72% of total loans at quarter end, compared to 0.58% last year and 0.74% at July 31, 2017. Gross impaired loans within Alberta of $106 million accounted for 63% of total impairments at year end, compared to 51% last year and 56% in the prior quarter. Gross impaired loans within the general commercial category amounted to $58 million, compared to $18 million at the end of 2016. Of the total impairments in this category, approximately 72% is comprised of Alberta exposures, compared to 81% last year. Gross impaired loans from CWB’s equipment financing and leasing exposures were $51 million compared to $40 million last year. Approximately 50% of the gross impaired balance in this category is comprised of Alberta exposures, relatively unchanged from last year. The overall higher balance of impaired loans as a percentage of total loans compared to last year, with an increasing proportion of impairments located in Alberta, is consistent with management’s expectations and reflects the lagging impacts of the 2015 – 2016 regional recession. Gross impairments outside of Alberta represented 0.40% of total non-Alberta loans, compared to 0.44% last year.

The level of gross impaired loans fluctuates as loans become impaired and are subsequently resolved, and does not directly reflect the dollar value of expected write-offs given tangible security held in support of lending exposures. The overall loan portfolio is reviewed regularly with credit decisions undertaken on a case-by-case basis to provide early identification of possible adverse trends.

Ongoing loan management processes include assignment of experienced credit adjudicators to assist branches and credit teams to proactively identify and address higher risk loans. Loans that have become impaired are monitored closely by a specialized team with regular reviews of each loan and its realization plan. Specific allowances for expected write-offs are established through detailed analyses of both the overall quality and marketability of security held against each impaired account.

As at October 31, 2017, the total allowance for credit losses (collective and specific) was $136 million, compared to $127 million a year ago and $141 million last quarter.

The total allowance for credit losses represented 81% of gross impaired loans at quarter end, compared to 100% last year and 84% in the prior quarter. The collective allowance for credit losses increased 8% over the past twelve months and was relatively unchanged from the prior quarter.

Normalized Provision for Credit Losses

The fourth quarter provision for credit losses of 20 basis points of average loans compares to 24 basis points in the same quarter last year and 20 basis points in the prior quarter.

The annual provision for credit losses as a percentage of average loans in fiscal 2017 was 23 basis points. This is consistent with CWB’s traditional range of 18 – 23 basis points, and slightly better than guidance provided by management early in fiscal 2017 for the full-year provision to fall in a range between 25 and 35 basis points. The annual provision last year was abnormally high at 38 basis points due to the impact of energy-related losses.

Growth and Diversification of Funding Sources

Total deposits were up 3% over the past year ($708 million) and up 5% ($1.0 billion) from the prior quarter. Relationship-based branch-raised funding increased 2% from last year, and 1% from the prior quarter. Of note, the average balance of branch-raised deposits on a full-year basis was up 7% compared to 2016, including the impact of $71 million of branch-raised deposits transferred to the successor trustee for CWT’s accounts holding exempt market securities during the fourth quarter. CWB delivered strong execution against its funding diversification strategy. This included a new record for issuance of senior deposit notes in capital markets, with $950 million raised across three successful transactions, as well as increased use of cost effective securitization funding through the addition of a second securitization partner, continued participation in the National Housing Act Mortgage Backed Securities (NHA MBS) program, and initial participation in the Canada Mortgage Bond (CMB) program during the fourth quarter.     

Total deposits by type and source are summarized below:

  As at Change from
October 31
 2016
 
(unaudited)   October 31
2017
    July 31
2017
    October 31
2016
 
($ millions)
Deposits by type                      
Demand and notice deposits $ 7,641   $ 7,745   $ 7,694   (1) %
Term deposits   12,098     11,279     11,640   4  
Capital markets   2,164     1,856     1,861   16  
Total Deposits $ 21,903   $ 20,880   $ 21,195   3 %

  As at Change from
October 31
 2016
 
(unaudited)   October 31
2017
    July 31
2017
    October 31
2016
 
($ millions)
Deposits by source                      
CWB Group branch-raised $ 11,816   $ 11,701   $ 11,617   2 %
Deposit brokers   7,923     7,323     7,717   3  
Capital markets   2,164     1,856     1,861   16  
Total Deposits $ 21,903   $ 20,880   $ 21,195   3 %

Personal deposits represented 61% of total deposits at October 31, 2017, compared to 62% last year and unchanged from the prior quarter. Total branch-raised deposits, including trust services deposits, accounted for 54% of total deposits at October 31, 2017, compared to 55% last year and 56% in the prior quarter. Demand and notice deposits comprise 35% of total deposits, compared to 36% last year and 37% last quarter. The deposit broker network remains an efficient source for raising insured fixed term retail deposits and has proven to be a reliable and effective way to access funding and liquidity over a wide geographic base. CWB raises only fixed-term broker deposits, with terms to maturity between one and five years, and does not offer a High Interest Savings Account (HISA) product. Term deposits raised through the broker network represented 36% of total funding at quarter end, unchanged from 36% last year and up slightly from 35% last quarter. Total deposits raised through debt capital markets of $2.2 billion represented 10% of total deposits at October 31, 2017, up from 9% both last year and last quarter.

Securitization

Securitized leases, loans and mortgages are reported on-balance sheet with total loans. The gross amount of securitized leases at October 31, 2017 was $1,212 million, compared to $1,030 million last year and $1,082 million last quarter. Gross participation in the National Housing Act Mortgage Backed Securities (NHA MBS) program was $381 million (July 31, 2017 – $355 million; October 31, 2016 – $391 million).

Fiscal 2017 funding from the securitization of leases, loans and mortgages was $739 million (2016 – $734 million), including $40 million from CWB’s inaugural participation in the CMB program.

Prudent Capital Management

With a very strong capital position under the more conservative Standardized approach for calculating risk weighted assets, CWB is well-positioned to create value for shareholders through a range of capital deployment options consistent with our balanced growth strategy. Ongoing support and development of each of CWB’s businesses will remain a key priority, and we will continue to evaluate potential strategic acquisitions. Management expects to deploy approximately 30 basis points of CET1 capital to close the acquisition of approximately $900 million of equipment loans and leases, and general commercial lending assets on January 31, 2018. A normal course issuer bid (NCIB) authorizing CWB to purchase for cancellation prior to September 30, 2018, up to 1,767,000 common shares, representing approximately 2% of the issued and outstanding common shares, has been approved by OSFI and the Toronto Stock Exchange. No shares have been purchased through the NCIB as at October 31, 2017. Management may choose to activate the NCIB in fiscal 2018 should appropriate circumstances become apparent.

At October 31, 2017, CWB’s capital ratios were 9.5% CET1, 10.8% Tier 1 and 12.5% total capital. Further details regarding CWB’s regulatory capital and capital adequacy ratios are included in the following table:

(unaudited)     As at
October 31
2017
    As at
July 31
2017
    As at
October 31
 2016
 
($ millions)    
Regulatory capital                    
CET1 capital before deductions   $ 2,216   $ 2,169   $ 2,072  
Net CET1 deductions     (206)     (206)     (209)  
CET1 capital     2,010     1,963     1,863  
Tier 1 capital(1)     2,275     2,228     2,233  
Total capital(1)     2,644     2,596     2,669  
Risk-weighted assets   $ 21,082   $ 20,527   $ 20,362  
Capital adequacy ratios                    
CET1     9.5 %   9.6 %   9.2 %
Tier 1     10.8     10.9     11.0  
Total     12.5     12.7     13.1  
                     
(1) The 2017 inclusion of non-common equity instruments that do not include NVCC clauses is capped at 50% of the January 1, 2013 outstanding balances (2016 – 60%). For all periods, there was no exclusion from regulatory capital related to NVCC instruments.

The increase of 30 basis points in CWB’s CET1 capital ratio from last year was primarily driven by strong growth of retained earnings. On December 31, 2016, CWB redeemed both the $105 million senior deposit note held by CWB Capital Trust and all outstanding CWB Capital Trust Capital Securities Series 1 (WesTS), which did not qualify as non-viability contingent capital (NVCC) under the Basel III regulatory capital requirements. The redemption resulted in a $105 million reduction in CWB’s Tier 1 regulatory capital and reduced both the Tier 1 and Total capital ratios by approximately 50 basis points. CWB redeemed all $75 million outstanding 5.571% subordinated debentures on March 22, 2017. This redemption reduced the Total capital ratio by approximately 40 basis points. At 8.3%, the Basel III leverage ratio remains very conservative.

Dividends

On December 6, 2017, CWB’s Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.24 per common share, payable on January 4, 2018 to shareholders of record on December 15, 2017. This quarterly dividend is consistent with the prior quarter and 4% higher than the dividend declared one year ago. The Board of Directors also declared a cash dividend of $0.275 per Series 5 Preferred Share, and a cash dividend of $0.390625 per Series 7 Preferred Share, both payable on January 31, 2018 to shareholders of record on January 19, 2018.

Management evaluates common share dividend increases every quarter against our dividend payout ratio target of approximately 30% of common shareholders’ net income, as well as capital requirements under the Standardized approach to support ongoing strong and balanced asset growth. While the dividend payout ratio this quarter was approximately 38%, CWB expects earnings growth to result in migration of this metric toward the 30% target while supporting CWB’s track record of annual dividend increases over the medium-term.

Dividend Reinvestment Plan
CWB common shares (TSX:CWB) and preferred shares (TSX:CWB.PR.B) and (TSX:CWB.PR.C) are deemed eligible to participate in CWB’s dividend reinvestment plan (the Plan). The Plan provides holders of eligible shares of CWB the opportunity to direct cash dividends toward the purchase of CWB common shares. Further details for the Plan are available on CWB’s website. CWB has elected to issue common shares for the Plan from treasury at the average market price (as defined in the Plan).

Fiscal 2017 Fourth Quarter and Annual Results Conference Call

CWB’s fourth quarter and annual results conference call is scheduled for Thursday, December 7, 2017, at 2:00 p.m. ET (12:00 noon MT). CWB’s executives will comment on financial results and respond to questions from analysts and institutional investors. 

The conference call may be accessed on a listen-only basis by dialing (703) 736-7380 or toll-free (844) 400-1695. The call will also be webcast live on the CWB’s website, www.cwb.com.

A replay of the conference call will be available until December 14, 2017, by dialing (855) 859-2056
(toll-free) and entering passcode 9785937.

About CWB Financial Group

CWB Financial Group (CWB) is a diversified financial services organization serving businesses and individuals across Canada. Operating from its headquarters in Edmonton, Alberta, CWB’s key business lines include full service business and personal banking offered through 42 branches of Canadian Western Bank and Internet banking services provided by Motive Financial. Highly responsive specialized financing is delivered under the banners of CWB Optimum Mortgage, CWB Equipment Financing, National Leasing, CWB Maxium Financial and CWB Franchise Finance. Trust Services are offered through Canadian Western Trust. Comprehensive wealth management offerings are provided through CWB Wealth Management, which includes the businesses of McLean & Partners Wealth Management and Canadian Western Financial. As a public company on the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX), CWB trades under the symbols “CWB” (common shares), “CWB.PR.B” (Series 5 Preferred Shares) and “CWB.PR.C” (Series 7 Preferred Shares). Learn more at www.cwb.com.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Matt Evans, CFA
Senior AVP, Strategy & Investor Relations
Canadian Western Bank
Phone: (780) 969-8337
Email: matt.evans@cwbank.com

Adjusted Financial Measures              
  For the three months ended   Change from
October 31
2016
  For the year ended Change from
October 31
2016
 
(unaudited)   October 31
2017
    July 31
2017
    October 31
2016
        October 31
2017
    October 31
2016
   
($ thousands)                          
Non-interest expenses $ 93,129   $ 85,383   $ 81,129     15 % $ 345,466   $ 313,647   10 %
Adjustments (before tax):                                        
Amortization of acquisition-related                                        
intangible assets   (1,909)     (1,900)     (1,795)     6     (7,560)     (6,354)   19  
Adjusted non-interest expenses $ 91,220   $ 83,483   $ 79,334     15 % $ 337,906   $ 307,293   10 %
                                         
Common shareholders’ net income $ 60,833   $ 56,308   $ 47,834     27 % $ 214,277   $ 177,761   21 %
Adjustments (after-tax):                                        
Acquisition-related fair value changes   3,462     3,364     2,879     20     13,402     5,775   132  
Amortization of acquisition-related                                        
intangible assets   1,408     1,401     1,324     6     5,572     4,682   19  
Adjusted common shareholders’ net income $ 65,703   $ 61,073   $ 52,037     26 % $ 233,251   $ 188,218   24 %

Pre-tax, pre-provision (PTPP) income 
                 
    For the three months ended   Change from
October 31
2016
  For the year ended   Change from
October 31
  2016
 
(unaudited)   October 31
2017
    July 31
2017
    October 31
2016
      October 31
2017
    October 31
2016
   
($ thousands)                        
Total revenue (teb) $ 195,621   $ 184,407   $ 168,831     16 % $ 728,897   $ 661,136   10 %
Less:                                        
Adjusted non-interest expenses   91,220     83,483     79,334     15     337,906     307,293   10  
Pre-tax, pre-provision income $ 104,401   $ 100,924   $ 89,497     17 % $ 390,991   $ 353,843   10 %

 
Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
        As at     As at     As at     Change from  
(unaudited)       October 31     July 31     October 31     October 31  
($ thousands)       2017     2017     2016     2016  
Assets                            
Cash Resources                            
Cash and non-interest bearing deposits with financial institutions     $ 17,491   $ 57,599   $ 11,490     52 %
Interest bearing deposits with regulated financial institutions       503,895     137,633     890,516     (43)  
Cheques and other items in transit       410     1,427     18,050     (98)  
        521,796     196,659     920,056     (43)  
Securities                               
Issued or guaranteed by Canada       1,307,298     1,097,193     1,142,798     14  
Issued or guaranteed by a province or municipality       438,858     578,505     291,947     50  
Other debt securities       308,421     118,706     154,648     99  
Preferred shares       132,410     139,092     119,201     11  
        2,186,987     1,933,496     1,708,594     28  
Securities Purchased Under Resale Agreements               163,318     (100)  
Loans                                
Personal       4,725,715     4,605,813     4,063,552     16  
Business       18,619,853     18,236,098     18,001,584     3  
        23,345,568     22,841,911     22,065,136     6  
Allowance for credit losses       (116,329)     (123,040)     (103,788)     12  
        23,229,239     22,718,871     21,961,348     6  
Other                            
Property and equipment       56,115     55,555     57,330     (2)  
Goodwill       85,669     85,669     84,762     1  
Intangible assets       149,730     149,344     149,312      
Derivative related       12,393     6,619     10,370     20  
Other assets       205,524     198,654     167,459     23  
        509,431     495,841     469,233     9  
Total Assets     $ 26,447,453   $ 25,344,867   $ 25,222,549     5 %
                             
Liabilities and Equity                            
Deposits                            
Personal     $ 13,394,562   $ 12,785,428   $ 13,223,702     1 %
Business and government       8,508,420     8,094,851     7,970,851     7  
        21,902,982     20,880,279     21,194,553     3  
Other                            
Cheques and other items in transit       55,545     53,486     27,683     101  
Securities sold under repurchase agreements       58,358     264,401         100  
Derivative related       35,381     31,696     7,172     393  
Other liabilities       455,009     375,556     382,130     19  
        604,293     725,139     416,985     45  
Debt                            
Debt securities       1,226,336     1,075,270     943,198     30  
Subordinated debentures       250,000     250,000     325,000     (23)  
        1,476,336     1,325,270     1,268,198     16  
Equity                             
Preferred shares       265,000     265,000     265,000      
Common shares       731,885     727,539     718,377     2  
Retained earnings       1,488,634     1,450,386     1,354,966     10  
Share-based payment reserve       24,979     27,325     31,276     (20)  
Other reserves       (49,453)     (57,483)     (27,579)     79  
Total Shareholders’ Equity       2,461,045     2,412,767     2,342,040     5  
Non-controlling interests       2,797     1,412     773     262  
Total Equity       2,463,842     2,414,179     2,342,813     5  
Total Liabilities and Equity     $ 26,447,453   $ 25,344,867   $ 25,222,549   5 %

 
Consolidated Statements of Income
 
  For the three months ended   Change from
October 31
2016
  For the year ended   Change from
October 31
2016
 
(unaudited)   October 31
2017
  July 31
2017(1)
  October 31
2016(1)
      October 31
2017
  October 31
2016(1)
   
($ thousands, except per share amounts)                  
Interest Income                                
Loans $ 264,575 $ 250,326 $ 240,114   10 % $ 993,950 $ 928,257   7 %
Securities   7,326   5,525   5,929   24     25,136   28,703   (12)  
Deposits with regulated                                 
financial institutions   1,614    2,068   2,081   (22)     8,198   5,029   63  
    273,515    257,919   248,124   10     1,027,284   961,989   7  
Interest Expense                                 
Deposits   95,630    86,557   90,855   5     355,521   346,498   3  
Debt   7,391    7,371   8,144   (9)     29,373   30,267   (3)  
    103,021    93,928   98,999   4     384,894   376,765   2  
Net Interest Income   170,494    163,991   149,125   14     642,390   585,224   10  
Non-interest Income                                 
Credit related   8,381    8,538   8,761   (4)     34,012   30,598   11  
Wealth management services   4,427    4,854   4,235   5     19,073   16,394   16  
Trust services   2,521    2,819   2,964   (15)     11,305   11,522   (2)  
Retail services   2,754    2,564   2,641   4     10,758   11,244   (4)  
Gains (losses) on securities, net   9    46   52   (83)     664   (2,830)   nm  
Other   6,536    1,031   474   nm     8,433   5,744   47  
    24,628    19,852   19,127   29     84,245   72,672   16  
Total Revenue   195,122    183,843   168,252   16     726,635   657,896   10  
Provision for Credit Losses    11,411    11,424   13,110   (13)     50,986   79,115   (36)  
Acquisition-related Fair Value Changes   4,710    4,577   3,917   20     18,295   7,857   133  
Non-interest Expenses                                 
Salaries and employee benefits   57,761    54,209   52,278   10     220,416   204,903   8  
Premises and equipment   16,634    14,619   14,273   17     60,348   52,539   15  
Other expenses   18,734    16,555   14,578   29     64,702   56,205   15  
    93,129    85,383   81,129   15     345,466   313,647   10  
Net Income before Income Taxes   85,872    82,459   70,096   23     311,888   257,277   21  
Income Taxes   21,227    22,302   18,435   15     82,233   67,943   21  
Net Income   64,645    60,157   51,661   25     229,655   189,334   21  
Net income attributable to                                 
non-controlling interests   250    286   265   (6)     1,128   961   17  
Shareholders’ Net Income   64,395    59,871   51,396   25     228,527   188,373   21  
Preferred share dividends   3,562    3,563   3,562       14,250   10,612   34  
Common Shareholders’ Net Income $ 60,833  $ 56,308 $ 47,834   27 % $ 214,277 $ 177,761   21 %
Average number of common                                 
shares (in thousands)   88,409    88,321   88,073   %   88,297   83,411   6 %
Average number of diluted common                                 
shares (in thousands)   88,783    88,355   88,073   1     88,592   83,419   6  
Earnings Per Common Share                                 
Basic $ 0.69  $ 0.64 $ 0.54   28 % $ 2.43 $ 2.13   14 %
Diluted   0.68    0.64   0.54   26     2.42   2.13   14  
 
(1) During the fourth quarter of 2017, certain fee income was reclassified from retail services to wealth management services within Non-interest Income. Comparative figures have been restated to conform with current period presentation.
 
nm – not meaningful

 
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
 
  For the three months ended   For the year ended
(unaudited)
($ thousands)
  October 31
2017
  October 31
2016
    October 31
2017
  October 31
2016
Net Income $ 64,645 $ 51,661   $ 229,655 $ 189,334
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), net of tax                  
Available-for-sale securities:                  
Gains from change in fair value(1)   7,017   5,885     4,021   20,799
Reclassification to net income(2)   (6)   (38)     (485)   2,158
    7,011   5,847     3,536   22,957
Derivatives designated as cash flow hedges:                  
Gains (losses) from change in fair value(3)   3,594   (275)     (22,089)   (8,157)
Reclassification to net income(4)   (2,575)   (21)     (3,321)   113
    1,019   (296)     (25,410)   (8,044)
    8,030   5,551     (21,874)   14,913
Comprehensive Income for the Period $ 72,675 $ 57,212   $ 207,781 $ 204,247
                   
Comprehensive income for the period attributable to:                  
Shareholders of CWB $ 72,425 $ 56,947   $ 206,653 $ 203,286
Non-controlling interests   250   265     1,128   961
Comprehensive Income for the Period $ 72,675 $ 57,212   $ 207,781 $ 204,247
 
(1)    Net of income tax of $2,570 and $1,463 for the quarter and year ended October 31, 2017, respectively (2016 – $2,155 and $7,699).
(2)    Net of income tax of $3 and $179 for the quarter and year ended October 31, 2017, respectively (2016 – $14 and $796).
(3)    Net of income tax of $1,322 and $8,128 for the quarter and year ended October 31, 2017, respectively (2016 – $101 and $3,002).
(4)    Net of income tax of $947 and $1,222 for the quarter and year ended October 31, 2017, respectively (2016 – $8 and $42).

 
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity
 
  For the year ended
(unaudited)   October 31
2017
  October 31
2016
($ thousands)    
Retained Earnings        
Balance at beginning of year $ 1,354,966 $ 1,261,678
Shareholders’ net income   228,527   188,373
Dividends   – Preferred shares   (14,250)   (10,612)
             – Common shares   (82,107)   (76,424)
Share premium on equity issued to non-controlling interests   1,498  
Issuance costs on common and preferred shares     (8,049)
Balance at end of year   1,488,634   1,354,966
Other Reserves        
Balance at beginning of year   (27,579)   (42,492)
Changes in available-for-sale securities   3,536   22,957
Changes in derivatives designated as cash flow hedges   (25,410)   (8,044)
Balance at end of year   (49,453)   (27,579)
Preferred Shares          
Balance at beginning of year   265,000   125,000
Issued     140,000
 Balance at end of year   265,000   265,000
Common Shares         
Balance at beginning of year   718,377   537,511
Issued under dividend reinvestment plan   5,280   4,491
Transferred from share-based payment reserve on the exercise or exchange of options   8,228   706
Issued to public     150,063
Issued on acquisition of subsidiary     25,606
Balance at end of year   731,885   718,377
Share-based Payment Reserve        
Balance at beginning of year   31,276   29,210
Amortization of fair value of options   1,931   2,772
Transferred to common shares on the exercise or exchange of options   (8,228)   (706)
Balance at end of year   24,979   31,276
Total Shareholders’ Equity   2,461,045   2,342,040
Non-Controlling Interests        
Balance at beginning of year   773   992
Increase in equity attributable to non-controlling interests   1,683  
Net income attributable to non-controlling interests   1,128   961
Dividends to non-controlling interests   (670)   (1,033)
Partial ownership increase   (117)   (147)
Balance at end of year   2,797   773
Total Equity $ 2,463,842 $ 2,342,813
 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flow
 
      For the year ended
(unaudited)             October 31
2017
  October 31
2016
($ thousands)          
Cash Flows from Operating Activities                  
Net income           $ 229,655 $ 189,334
Adjustments to determine net cash flows:                  
Provision for credit losses             50,986   79,115
Depreciation and amortization             30,692   24,581
Current income taxes receivable and payable             12,134   (17,424)
Amortization of fair value of employee stock options             1,931   2,772
Accrued interest receivable and payable, net             (19,061)   7,705
Deferred income taxes, net             (10,638)   (3,045)
(Gains) losses on securities, net             (664)   2,830
Acquisition-related fair value changes             18,295   7,857
Net gain on Trust Services strategic transaction             (5,726)  
Change in operating assets and liabilities:                  
Deposits, net             708,429   1,829,146
Loans, net             (1,322,714)   (2,218,973)
Securities purchased under resale agreements, net             58,358  
Securities purchased under resale agreements, net             163,318   (163,318)
Other items, net             46,543   29,242
              (38,462)   (230,178)
Cash Flows from Financing Activities                  
Debt securities issued             739,177   734,376
Debt securities repaid             (456,039)   (353,801)
Debentures redeemed             (75,000)   (300,000)
Dividends             (91,077)   (82,545)
Distributions to non-controlling interests             (670)   (1,033)
Sale of non-controlling interest             3,401  
Common shares issued, net of issuance costs               145,176
Preferred shares issued, net of issuance costs               136,838
              119,792   279,011
Cash Flows from Investing Activities                  
Interest bearing deposits with regulated financial institutions, net             386,621   (477,748)
Securities, purchased             (5,843,898)   (10,760,756)
Securities, sale proceeds             4,338,132   8,638,234
Securities, matured             1,031,966   2,990,500
Property, equipment and intangibles             (28,846)   (38,507)
Partial ownership increase             (1,838)   (4,572)
Contingent consideration payment             (10,132)  
Proceeds from strategic transaction             7,164  
Acquisitions               (364,523)
              (120,831)   (17,372)
Change in Cash and Cash Equivalents             (39,501)   31,461
Cash and Cash Equivalents at Beginning of Year             1,857   (29,604)
Cash and Cash Equivalents at End of Year *           $ (37,644) $ 1,857
* Represented by:                  
Cash and non-interest bearing deposits with financial institutions           $ 17,491 $ 11,490
Cheques and other items in transit (included in Cash Resources)             410   18,050
Cheques and other items in transit (included in Other Liabilities)             (55,545)   (27,683)
Cash and Cash Equivalents at End of Year           $ (37,644) $ 1,857
                   
                   
Supplemental Disclosure of Cash Flow Information                  
Interest and dividends received           $ 1,031,937 $ 975,727
Interest paid             392,413   366,737
Income taxes paid             66,009   88,674

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