The Buzz on $CVTI – Covenant Transportation Group

Covenant Transportation Group Announces Third Quarter Financial and Operating Results

CHATTANOOGA, Tenn., Oct. 16, 2015 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Covenant Transportation Group, Inc. (NASDAQ:CVTI) announced today financial and operating results for the third quarter ended September 30, 2015.

Highlights for the quarter included the following:

  • Total revenue of $173.5 million, a decrease of 2.3% compared with the third quarter of 2014.
  • Freight revenue of $153.5 million (excludes revenue from fuel surcharges), an increase of 8.2% compared with the third quarter of 2014.
  • Operating income of $14.6 million and an operating ratio of 90.5%, compared with operating income of $5.6 million and an operating ratio of 96.1% in the third quarter of 2014. Operating income for the 2014 quarter included a $7.5 million reserve for an adverse judgment in September 2014 stemming from a cargo loss in 2008. This reserve unfavorably impacted the 2014 quarter operating ratio by approximately 530 basis points. Operating ratio is defined as: total operating expenses minus fuel surcharge revenue, divided by freight revenue.
  • Net income of $7.6 million, or $0.42 per diluted share, compared with net income of $1.9 million, or $0.12 per diluted share in the third quarter of 2014, on a 21.0% increase in weighted average diluted shares resulting primarily from the Company’s public offering of 3,036,000 common shares completed in November 2014. Net income for the 2014 quarter included an unfavorable after-tax impact of approximately $4.6 million, or $0.30 per share, attributable to the adverse cargo claim judgment described above.

Management Discussion—Asset-Based Truckload Operations

Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer, David R. Parker, made the following comments:  “Overall, we were pleased with our results in an environment characterized by a competitive market for qualified professional drivers, lackluster freight demand, and falling fuel prices that we did not fully attain because of losses on fuel hedging contracts that we put in place two years ago when diesel fuel prices were higher. In this environment, we grew average tractors in operation, increased the percentage of our fleet comprised of driver teams, raised yields, and improved our seated truck percentage versus the year ago period. Total truckload operating ratio improved to 90.2%.  Excluding the $7.5 million cargo loss in 2014 mentioned above and a $3.1 million increase in fuel hedging losses, our operational progress produced approximately 320 basis points of margin expansion. Our Covenant Transport (expedited) and Star Transportation (dedicated) service offerings performed relatively better than our SRT (solo refrigerated) operation.

“For the quarter, total revenue in our asset‑based operations decreased to $159.6 million, a decrease of $7.2 million compared with the third quarter of 2014.  This decrease consisted of lower fuel surcharge revenue of $15.7 million, partially offset by higher freight revenue of $8.5 million. The $8.5 million increase in freight revenue related to a 0.4% increase in average freight revenue per tractor per week, a 134 truck (or 5.2%) increase in our average tractor fleet, and a $1.0 million increase of freight revenue contributed from our refrigerated intermodal service offering. Team-driven trucks increased to an average of 966 teams in the third quarter of 2015, an increase of approximately 13.5% over the average of 851 teams in the third quarter of 2014, as well as a 1.6% sequential increase over the average of 951 teams in the second quarter of 2015.

“Average freight revenue per tractor per week increased to $3,814 during the 2015 quarter from $3,797 during the 2014 quarter.  Average freight revenue per loaded mile increased by 5.7 cents per mile (or 3.3%) compared to the 2014 quarter on an approximately 3.0% increase in average length of haul. Average miles per unit decreased by 2.5%. The main factor impacting the decreased utilization was a weaker overall freight environment, partially offset by a 260 basis point increase in the percentage of our fleet comprised of team-driven trucks and a higher seated truck percentage. On average, approximately 4.6% of our fleet lacked drivers during the 2015 quarter compared with approximately 5.1% during the 2014 quarter.

“Net fuel expense increased by approximately 3.8 cents per mile to 12.6 cents per mile in the 2015 quarter. Losses from fuel hedging transactions were $3.9 million in the 2015 quarter compared with losses of $0.8 million in the 2014 quarter. These two headwind items were partially offset by improved fuel pricing and improved fuel economy of our tractors. Ultra low sulfur diesel prices as measured by the Department of Energy averaged approximately $1.21/gallon lower in the third quarter of 2015 compared with the 2014 quarter.  We expect to continue using fuel price hedges periodically to mitigate the potential volatility in fuel prices relating to the portion of our fuel usage that is not covered by fuel surcharges, which may result in favorable or unfavorable results in any given quarter.

“Salaries, wages and related expenses increased approximately 1.1 cents per mile due to a higher percentage of our fleet comprised of team-driven tractors, employee pay adjustments since the third quarter of 2014, and higher group health insurance expense.

“Insurance and claims per mile cost was 8.0 cents per mile in the third quarter of 2015 versus 19.1 cents per mile in the third quarter of 2014. Even excluding the prior year quarter’s $7.5 million reserve for an adverse judgment in September 2014, insurance and claims per mile cost improved by 1.8 cents per mile from an as adjusted 9.8 cents per mile for the third quarter of 2014. Our chargeable accidents per million miles, as measured by the DOT, improved by approximately 5.0% year-over-year. Additional investment in safety technology, combined with good claims experience, contributed to the cost improvement in this area.

“General supplies and expenses per mile cost was 2.3 cents per mile in the third quarter of 2015 versus 4.7 cents per mile in the third quarter of 2014. In early August 2015, we purchased our Chattanooga headquarters property which had previously been leased since 2006. This purchase reduced building rent in the third quarter of 2015 by approximately $0.5 million and allowed for the favorable $1.2 million reversal of deferred rent expense previously accounted for on our balance sheet.”

Management Discussion—Non-Asset Based Brokerage and Other Operations
Mr. Parker offered the following comments concerning Covenant Transport Solutions, Inc. (“Solutions”), the Company’s non-asset based subsidiary:  “For the quarter, Solutions’ total revenue increased 29.4%, to $13.9 million from $10.7 million in the same quarter of 2014. Operating income was approximately $923,000 for an operating ratio of 93.4%, compared with operating income of approximately $484,000 and an operating ratio of 95.5% in the third quarter of 2014. In addition, our 49% equity investment in Transport Enterprise Leasing (“TEL”) contributed approximately $1.0 million of pre-tax income in the quarter compared with $0.9 million in the third quarter of 2014.”

Cash Flow, Liquidity and Capitalization
Richard B. Cribbs, the Company’s Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, added the following comments: “At September 30, 2015, our total balance sheet debt and capital lease obligations, net of cash, were $222.4 million, and our stockholders’ equity was $194.1 million.  At September 30, 2015, our ratio of net debt to total balance sheet capitalization was 53.4%.  At September 30, 2015, the discounted value of future obligations under off-balance sheet operating lease obligations was approximately $21.5 million, including the residual value guarantees under those leases, and we believe the value of the leased equipment was approximately equal to the present value of such lease obligations.  Since the end of 2014, the Company’s balance sheet debt and capital lease obligations, net of cash, has increased by $41.4 million, while the present value of financing provided by operating leases decreased by approximately $24.1 million. In early August 2015, we purchased our Chattanooga headquarters property which had previously been leased since 2006. This single transaction increased the Company’s balance sheet debt by approximately $35.5 million with an effective fixed interest rate of 4.2% on a majority of the increased debt, and replaced operating lease financing with an effective interest rate of 8.2%. The present value of the remaining operating lease payments maturing through April 2026 was $17.1 million, with an obligation to extend the lease, purchase at market value, or seek an alternative location at that time. This transaction has a positive impact on capital costs and operating cash flows. At September 30, 2015, we had approximately $61.6 million of borrowing availability under our revolving line of credit.

 “In the first half of 2015, we took delivery of approximately 715 new company tractors and disposed of approximately 410 used tractors. Our current tractor fleet plan for full-year 2015 includes the delivery of approximately 805 new company tractors, and the disposal of approximately 815 used tractors as we reduce the number of tractors recorded as “Assets held for sale” on our consolidated balance sheet.  With a relatively young average company tractor fleet age of 1.7 years at September 30, 2015, we believe there is significant flexibility to manage our fleet, and we plan to regularly evaluate our tractor replacement cycle and new tractor purchase requirements.  We believe we have sufficient financing available from the captive finance subsidiaries of our main tractor suppliers, our revolving credit facility, and other sources to fund our expected revenue equipment purchases in 2015.

“We purchased 216,372 shares of our common stock during the quarter for $5.0 million. That completed the availability provided by our stock repurchase authorization announced on July 22, 2015.”

Mr. Cribbs continued: “We expect our average fleet size for fiscal 2015 to be approximately 3%-5% above that of fiscal 2014. Fourth quarter performance will depend to a significant extent on the level of involvement of our asset-based and Solutions subsidiaries in the supply chains of our LTL, e-commerce, parcel, and omni-channel shipping customers during the 2015 peak freight season and the associated pricing for our services. In general, we expect a solid fourth quarter. The combination of our major peak season shippers have contracted for a higher volume of committed capacity than last year, but at lower contractual rates on average than last year. The combination of volumes, routes, and pricing is expected to be efficient and attractively profitable – perhaps generating more income on the contractual side than last year’s contractual freight. However, this will leave a lower percentage of our fleet available for seasonal spot market business which was extremely profitable last year, but might be less so this year. We are not yet prepared to forecast whether our net income will improve versus the fourth quarter of 2014. Regardless, absent unexpectedly high peak freight market demand, earnings per share may decrease compared to the 2014 quarter given current market conditions, our fuel hedging position at current fuel prices, and the headwind of the 11-12% higher estimated quarterly weighted average diluted share count for the fourth quarter of 2015.”

Conference Call Information
The Company will host a live conference call today, October 16, 2015, at 10:30 a.m. Eastern time to discuss the quarter.  Individuals may access the call by dialing 800-351-4894 (U.S./Canada) and 800-756-3333 (International), access code CTG3.  An audio replay will be available for one week following the call at 877-919-4059, access code 40234930. For additional financial and statistical information regarding the Company that is expected to be discussed during the conference call, please visit our website at under the icon “Earnings Info.”

Covenant Transportation Group, Inc. is the holding company for several transportation providers that offer premium transportation services for customers throughout the United States. The consolidated group includes operations from Covenant Transport and Covenant Transport Solutions of Chattanooga, Tennessee; Southern Refrigerated Transport of Texarkana, Arkansas; and Star Transportation of Nashville, Tennessee.  In addition, Transport Enterprise Leasing, of Chattanooga, Tennessee is an integral affiliated company providing revenue equipment sales and leasing services to the trucking industry. The Company’s Class A common stock is traded on the NASDAQ Global Select under the symbol, “CVTI”.

This press release contains certain statements that may be considered forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and such statements are subject to the safe harbor created by those sections and the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, as amended.  Such statements may be identified by their use of terms or phrases such as “expects,” “estimates,” “projects,” “believes,” “anticipates,” “plans,” “intends,” “outlook,” and similar terms and phrases.  Forward-looking statements are based upon the current beliefs and expectations of our management and are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties, some of which cannot be predicted or quantified, which could cause future events and actual results to differ materially from those set forth in, contemplated by, or underlying the forward-looking statements.  In this press release, the statements relating to fuel hedges, equipment purchases and disposals, sources of funding for such purchases, the value of leased equipment, and the statements under “Outlook” are forward-looking statements. Such items have not been subjected to all the review and audit procedures associated with the release of actual financial results.  The following factors, among others, could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements: the rates and volumes realized during our peak business during the fourth quarter, elevated experience in the frequency and severity of claims relating to accident, cargo, workers’ compensation, health, and other claims, increased insurance premiums, fluctuations in claims expenses that result from our self-insured retention amounts, including in our excess layers and in respect of claims for which we commute policy coverage, and the requirement that we pay additional premiums if there are claims in certain of those layers, differences between estimates used in establishing and adjusting claims reserves and actual results over time (including with respect to the adverse judgment on the 2008 cargo claim announced in the third quarter of 2014), adverse changes in claims experience and loss development factors, or additional changes in management’s estimates of liability based upon such experience and development factors that cause our expectations of insurance and claims expense to be inaccurate or otherwise impacts our results; changes in the market condition for used revenue equipment and real estate that impact our capital expenditures and our ability to dispose of revenue equipment and real estate on the schedule and for the prices we expect; increases in the prices paid for new revenue equipment that impact our capital expenditures and our results generally; changes in management’s estimates of the need for new tractors and trailers; the effect of any reduction in tractor purchases on the number of tractors that will be accepted by manufacturers under tradeback arrangements; our inability to generate sufficient cash from operations and obtain financing on favorable terms to meet our significant ongoing capital requirements; our ability to maintain compliance with the provisions of our credit agreements, particularly financial covenants in our revolving credit facility; excess tractor or trailer capacity in the trucking industry; decreased demand for our services or loss of one or more of our major customers; our ability to renew dedicated service offering contracts on the terms and schedule we expect; surplus inventories, recessionary economic cycles, and downturns in customers’ business cycles; strikes, work slowdowns, or work stoppages at the Company, customers, ports, or other shipping related facilities; increases or rapid fluctuations in fuel prices, as well as fluctuations in hedging activities and surcharge collection, including, but not limited to, changes in customer fuel surcharge policies and increases in fuel surcharge bases by customers; the volume and terms of diesel purchase commitments and hedging contracts; interest rates, fuel taxes, tolls, and license and registration fees; increases in compensation for and difficulty in attracting and retaining qualified drivers and independent contractors; seasonal factors such as harsh weather conditions that increase operating costs; competition from trucking, rail, and intermodal competitors; regulatory requirements that increase costs, decrease efficiency, or reduce the availability of drivers, including revised hours-of-service requirements for drivers and the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration’s Compliance, Safety, Accountability program that implemented new driver standards and modified the methodology for determining a carrier’s DOT safety rating; the ability to reduce, or control increases in, operating costs; changes in the Company’s business strategy that require the acquisition of new businesses, and the ability to identify acceptable acquisition candidates, consummate acquisitions, and integrate acquired operations; fluctuations in the results of Transport Enterprise Leasing, which are included as equity in income (loss) of affiliate in our financial statements; the number of shares repurchased, if any; the effects of repurchasing the shares on debt, equity, and liquidity; the effects of repurchasing no or a nominal number of shares; and the ultimate uses of repurchased shares, if any.  Readers should review and consider these factors along with the various disclosures by the Company in its press releases, stockholder reports, and filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.  We disclaim any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements to reflect actual results or changes in the factors affecting the forward-looking information.


Covenant Transportation Group, Inc.  
Key Financial and Operating Statistics  
    Three Months Ended Sep 30,   Nine Months Ended Sep 30,  
($000s, except per share data)   2015     2014   % Change     2015     2014   % Change  
Freight revenue $ 153,522   $ 141,917     8.2 %   $ 449,003   $ 405,750     10.7 %  
Fuel surcharge revenue     19,990       35,664           67,175       106,442      
  Total revenue $ 173,512   $ 177,581     -2.3 %   $ 516,178   $ 512,192     0.8 %  
Operating expenses:                
  Salaries, wages, and related expenses     60,241       57,636           177,624       166,651      
  Fuel expense     30,526       42,784           94,931       127,875      
  Operations and maintenance     12,728       11,934           35,666       35,498      
  Revenue equipment rentals and                
    purchased transportation     27,548       25,871           76,714       78,818      
  Operating taxes and licenses     2,879       2,733           8,162       8,041      
  Insurance and claims     6,682       15,545           21,727       29,229      
  Communications and utilities     1,527       1,457           4,547       4,320      
  General supplies and expenses     2,060       3,950           9,993       12,288      
  Depreciation and amortization, including gains and                
    losses on disposition of property and equipment     14,692       10,085           43,368       34,476      
Total operating expenses     158,883       171,995           472,732       497,196      
Operating income     14,629       5,586           43,446       14,996      
Other (income) expenses:                
  Interest expense     2,041       2,635           5,962       8,108      
  Interest income     –       (1 )         –       (9 )    
  Other     –       –           –       –      
Other expenses, net     2,041       2,634           5,962       8,099      
Equity in income of affiliate     1,000       880           3,720       2,530      
Income before income taxes     13,588       3,832           41,204       9,427      
Income tax expense     5,961       1,975           12,349       5,164      
Net income $ 7,627   $ 1,857       $ 28,855   $ 4,263      
Basic earnings per share $ 0.42   $ 0.12       $ 1.59   $ 0.29    
Diluted earnings per share $ 0.42   $ 0.12       $ 1.57   $ 0.28    
Basic weighted average shares outstanding (000s)     18,119       14,959           18,175       14,935      
Diluted weighted average shares outstanding (000s)     18,320       15,145           18,346       15,166      
    Three Months Ended Sep 30,   Nine Months Ended Sep 30,  
      2015     2014   % Change     2015     2014   % Change  
Asset-based trucking revenues $ 139,625   $ 131,175     6.4 %   $ 412,489   $ 370,990     11.2 %  
Covenant Transport Solutions non-asset based revenues     13,897       10,742     29.4 %       36,514       34,760     5.0 %  
    Freight revenue $ 153,522   $ 141,917     8.2 %   $ 449,003   $ 405,750     10.7 %  
Average freight revenue per loaded mile  $ 1.816   $ 1.759     3.3 %   $ 1.789   $ 1.709     4.6 %  
Average freight revenue per total mile  $ 1.635   $ 1.587     3.0 %   $ 1.611   $ 1.541     4.5 %  
Average freight revenue per tractor per week $ 3,814   $ 3,797     0.4 %   $ 3,814   $ 3,599     6.0 %  
Average miles per tractor per period     30,667       31,455     -2.5 %       92,367       91,052     1.4 %  
Weighted avg. tractors for period     2,718       2,584     5.2 %       2,707       2,601     4.1 %  
Tractors at end of period     2,721       2,599     4.7 %       2,721       2,599     4.7 %  
Trailers at end of period     6,598       6,770     -2.5 %       6,598       6,770     -2.5 %  
($000s, except per share data) 9/30/2015 12/31/2014            
Total assets $ 595,337   $ 554,017              
Total stockholders’ equity $ 194,055   $ 169,204              
Total balance sheet debt, net of cash $ 222,426   $ 181,003              
Net Debt to Capitalization Ratio   53.4 %   51.7 %            
Tangible book value per basic share $ 10.74   $ 9.34            



CONTACT: For further information contact:
Richard B. Cribbs, Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer (423) 463-3331

For copies of Company information contact:
Kim Perry, Administrative Assistant (423) 463-3357